The Rise of Georgian Buildings by: Alexa
Georgian architecture, commonly found in English-speaking countries, is an architectural style that was used from 1714 to 1830. The Georgian buildings prevailed during the reign of the British monarchs of the Hanover that lasted from 1714 to 1830. This was the era of George I-IV, who reigned in continuous succession.
However, the Georgian architecture was not phased out completely after the reign of the British monarchs. The architectural style was brought to life again in the United States in the late 19th century. The Georgian style was revived as colonial revival architecture in the United States. Also, the Georgian architecture was re-introduced in Great Britain in the early 20th century as Neo-Georgian architecture. The reintroduction of the architecture in United States and Great Britain was known as Georgian revival architecture.
In the United States, the term Georgian is used to describe all buildings in that era despite the style. However, in Britain, the term describes the buildings that have architectural characteristics typical to that era.
The Georgian architectural style can vary greatly, but is characterized by the proportion and symmetry as seen in the classical architecture of Rome and Greece that was revived during the Renaissance period. Ornament is very common in this architectural style, but mostly restrained to the interior and very rare on the exterior. The Georgian period brought led to the classical architecture that replaced the English vernacular architecture. In fact, the style has become popular in public building and middle-class homes by the end of the period.
In towns, the Georgian style expanded quickly during the period and many landowners became property developers. The row of identical terraced houses became common by during this period. In fact, the wealthy in the society began living in Georgian houses in towns. Usually, there was a square garden in front of the house of the wealthy. The architecture widely spread in the English-speaking world during that period. The standards of constructions for these building were very high and most of the buildings have survived for more than two centuries. Sash Windows were also a very prominent feature is this period. Most of the buildings found in cities such as London, Bristol and Dublin features the Georgian Architecture.
This period saw the rise of formal and trained architectural profession. Before the mid-century, the architect has gained much respect title in the society. However, most of the buildings were still designed by the landlords together with the builders. The Georgian architectural style was disseminated through engravings and pattern books. This is contrary to the earlier styles that were disseminated through the apprenticeship system. In this case, the apprentice acquired knowledge from the experienced craftsmen.
Sash window being restored (image Pembroke Nash)
William halfpenny who was an author active between 1723 and 1755, received numerous edition in Britain and America. From the mid-18th century, the Georgian architectural style became popular in Britain and America. Therefore, the Georgian style was adopted as part of training to architect, designer, builder, mason, plasterer and carpenter on the entire Britain and United States.
Conclusively, Georgian Architecture became popular in English-speaking world. Many Georgian buildings have over two centuries and are still found in major cities in Great Britain and United States.